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Top 7 ways of writing an aesthetic code

Jul 05, 2019

Writing codes or coding is the process of instructing the computer how to do and what to do. The codes are written in various programming languages. Professionals study algorithms and learn languages for coding. Learning a complex language is completely different from writing the codes for working applications. There are times, programmers often write a piece of code, but after a few days, they can’t understand why the codes are written.

Major reasons for confusion in coding are as follows:

  • Lack of aesthetics.

  • No indention.

  • Coding without comment line.

  • Inconsistent spacing.

  • Poor variable choice.

  • Coding without a variable declaration.

There are some tips to write aesthetic code that can increase your code readability

1. Using meaningful names for the variables

Not using names for the variables leads to confusion when you look at your piece of code later. The inconvenience can be eliminated by using proper meaningful names. It is also useful in the debugging process later. Using descriptive and meaningful names while coding makes the job of the programmer easier.

Each function should be aimed at one purpose

The programming is the process of breaking one complex task to several small segments. The clean and aesthetic codes are broken into several segments that are each function should be aimed at a single thing, and each class should represent a single concept. In this way, complex calculations can be broken into smaller tasks.

2. Maintain a consistent style for coding

There are several coding styles there for the programmers to adopt. Regardless of the coding style, the coding should be consistent. A consistent coding style is hard to tamper, so sticking to one method of coding enhances readability as well as easy to follow.

3. Expertise in language’s idioms

For coding, it is essential to master one of the programming languages. The different programming languages such as Java, Python, and JavaScript etc. are different from each other. Whatever the language you choose for coding, you should expertise in the programming language. The situation of anti-pattern or bad code arises when the programmer does not have an appropriate idea about the programming language, or the programmer is not competent enough in the language’s idioms.

4. There should be good comments

In the world of programming, comments play an important role. There should always be an explanation is there in comments on why the code exists more than what the code is for. Good comments in coding always explain why the code is written. Commenting also considered as an integral part of code aesthetics. The programmer has to ensure that the comment is good, but not so obvious. Using good comments is mandatory for writing aesthetic code.

5. Refactor

It is an important thing to follow while coding, refactoring is the quickest way to clear a messy code without changing the actual behaviour. Like editing in writing, refactoring in programming plays a vital role. Refactoring can improve the design of the existing code efficiently.

6. Readability is must

It is always better to write a clean code than clever code. People always mix up these two things while coding. Debugging is harder than writing the program; every programmer has realized that. So, readability is essential in coding. The programmer should optimize the codes in the programmer for the next person to which the program is going next. On the other hand, the clever codes are a shortcut for coding, but that is not readable always. There is no use in writing a program which is hard to understand.

7. Eliminate unnecessary codes

Commenting out the block of codes which are not needed in programs is recommended for writing a clear program. Cleaner codes always increase the readability of the program. By eliminating unnecessary codes from the program, you can able to write an aesthetic code. Coding has various architectures and paradigms; you should choose the appropriate one for writing an aesthetic code. The right kind of architecture in coding minimizes the effort for maintenance.

There is always something new to for a programmer while writing codes. It takes time for a programmer to write clean aesthetic and clean codes. Years of practice and learning on coding enables a programmer to master in writing clean code. These are some tips you can follow to write a clean piece of code.

Sudipto Das

Sudipto writes educational content periodically for LearnPick South Africa and backs it up with extensive research and relevant examples. He's an avid reader and a tech enthusiast at the same time with a little bit of “Arsenal Football Club” thrown in as well. He's got more than 5 years of experience in digital marketing, SEO and graphic designing.

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